Cognitive behavioural therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy, or CBT, is a form of psychotherapy aimed to combat present-time issues that has its foundations in problem solving. CBT aims to offer the necessary tools to acknowledge and identify unhelpful or painful thought patterns, assess whether or not they are realistic, and, in doing so, alter responses to challenging situations. The skills and processes you learn through CBT can guide you through difficulties or problems that may arise in the future.
Acceptance and commitment therapy
The core practice and messaging of acceptance and commitment therapy, or ACT, is derived from the name itself; accept what is out of your control, and commit personal action to improve and change what is. ACT aims to teach us to stop avoiding, denying and struggling with our emotions and instead, accept that they are appropriate responses to certain situations. By relinquishing the power of painful thoughts, feelings and self-talk, ACT creates a more mindful approach to dealing with stress, issues and hardships.
Schema therapy was developed to tackle more complex psychological disorders and is a unified approach that combines methods of cognitive, behavioural, gestalt and object relations therapy. A schema is a deep unconditional belief about oneself relationships, or the wider environment, or an organised pattern or behaviour. Schemas often form when our basic emotional needs are not met, some of the most common being connection, mutuality, reciprocity, flow and autonomy.
Family systems therapy
Families are inherently complex to some degree. Family systems therapy acknowledges this and aims to help individuals resolve their issues or problems within the context of their family units. This form of psychotherapy sheds light on family dynamics and gives its participants an understanding of how their actions affect the other members of that unit and the family as a whole.
Solution focused therapy
Solution focused therapy concentrates on finding present-time solutions to problems, and looking to one’s hopes for the future to come to a quick resolution. Solution focused therapy puts emphasis on the fact that we often already know what we need to do to improve our lives, but aims to help us realise and find the best solutions through coaching, questioning and goal setting.
Mindfulness is a state of being where one is deliberately and completely aware of their thoughts, emotions and experiences – free from distraction or judgement. Mindful practices – such as meditation – can be incorporated into therapies and aims to teach us how to break away from unhelpful or negative thought patterns that can cause us to spiral into a depressive state.