Addiction can have a significant impact on our mental health. It can lead to the development of mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety and PTSD or can make existing mental health conditions worse, making it difficult for us to access appropriate help and support. It’s important to note that many who struggle with addiction also struggle with mental health conditions, and it’s important to address both issues simultaneously.
What is the true meaning of addiction?
Addiction is defined as a chronic brain disease that’s characterised by a compulsive need to engage in a behaviour or use a substance despite how bad it can be for us. It’s a complex condition that involves multiple factors, including genetics, environment, and personal characteristics, and can manifest in a variety of ways, including drug and alcohol addiction, gambling addiction, and even addiction to certain behaviours such as shopping or sex.
What causes addiction?
While the causes of addiction are complex and different for each person, research suggests that genetic, environmental, and personal factors all play a role in the development of addiction. Genetics can make an individual more susceptible to addiction, while environmental factors such as stress, trauma, and access to drugs or alcohol can also increase the risk of addiction. Personal factors, such as mental health conditions, can also contribute to the development of addiction.
What are the 5 types of addiction?
There are many different types of addiction, but they can be broadly categorised into 5 main categories:
1. Substance addiction
Addiction to drugs and alcohol is the most well-known type of addiction.
2. Behavioural addiction
This includes addiction to activities such as gambling, sex, and shopping.
3. Process addiction
Addiction to things like food, the internet, and video games.
4. Relational addiction
Addiction to relationships which often looks like codependency.
5. Trauma addiction
Addiction to the emotional and physical sensations associated with traumatic experiences.
Understanding the meaning of addiction, its causes, and the different types of addiction can help us seek the appropriate help and support.